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? = wild character
* = wild group


1. alter  (verb) 
remove the ovaries of; "Is your cat spayed?"

  Also known as: neuter, spay, castrate

  More Specific:
defeminize / defeminise - remove the ovaries of (female mammals such as cats)

  More Generic:
    sterilize     sterilise     desex     unsex     desexualize     desexualise     fix

2. alter  (verb) 
make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one''s or its former characteristics or essence; "her mood changes in accordance with the weather"; "The supermarket''s selection of vegetables varies according to the season"

  Also known as: change, vary

  More Specific:
alternate / jump - go back and forth
crackle - to become, or to cause to become, covered with a network of small cracks
modulate - vary the frequency, amplitude, phase, or other characteristic of (electromagnetic waves)
avianize / avianise - to modify microorganisms by repeated culture in the developing chick embryo
move - go or proceed from one point to another
adapt / accommodate - make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose
let out / widen - make (clothes) larger
take in - make (clothes) smaller
diversify / branch out / broaden - vary in order to spread risk or to expand
diversify / radiate - spread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate
specialize / specialise / narrow / narrow down - become more special
honeycomb - make full of cavities, like a honeycomb
break - vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity

3. alter  (verb) 
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"

  Also known as: change, modify


  More Specific:
awaken / wake / waken / rouse / wake up / arouse - cause to become awake or conscious
cause to sleep - make fall asleep
affect - act physically on
refresh / freshen / refreshen - make fresh again
inseminate / fecundate / fertilize / fertilise - introduce semen into (a female)
indispose - cause to feel unwell
cry - bring into a particular state by crying
etiolate - make pale or sickly
brutalize / brutalise / animalize / animalise - make brutal, unfeeling, or inhuman
convert - change the nature, purpose, or function of something
opalize / opalise - make opalescent
arterialize / arterialise - change venous blood into arterial blood
make / get - give certain properties to something
counterchange / transpose / interchange - cause to change places
vascularize / vascularise - make vascular
decrepitate - to roast or calcine so as to cause to crackle or until crackling stops
suburbanize / suburbanise - make suburban in character
revolutionize / revolutionise / overturn - change radically
etiolate - bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight
barbarize / barbarise - make crude or savage in behavior or speech
alkalinize / alkalinise - make (a substance) alkaline
mythologize / mythologise / mythicize / mythicise - make into a myth
allegorize / allegorise - make into an allegory
demythologize / demythologise - remove the mythical element from (writings)
bring / land - bring into a different state
coarsen - make less subtle or refined
affect / impact / bear upon / bear on / touch on / touch - have an effect upon
alchemize / alchemise - alter (elements) by alchemy
alcoholize / alcoholise - make alcoholic, as by fermenting
shape / form - give a shape or form to
round off / round down / round out / round - express as a round number
suspend - cause to be held in suspension in a fluid
sober - cause to become sober
reconstruct - cause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically
increase - make bigger or more
ease up / ease off / let up - reduce pressure or intensity
assimilate - make similar
dissimilate - make dissimilar
commute / convert / exchange - exchange a penalty for a less severe one
vitalize / vitalise - give life to
unclutter / clear - rid of obstructions
activate - make active or more active
activate - make (substances) radioactive
activate / aerate - aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
activate - make more adsorptive
inactivate / deactivate - make inactive
deaden / blunt - make less lively, intense, or vigorous
remodel / reconstruct / redo - do over, as of (part of) a house
edit / redact - prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
edit / cut / edit out - cut and assemble the components of
tame / chasten / subdue - correct by punishment or discipline
chasten / moderate / temper - restrain or temper
better / improve / amend / ameliorate / meliorate - to make better
worsen / aggravate / exacerbate / exasperate - make worse
wet - cause to become wet
dry / dry out - remove the moisture from and make dry
lubricate - make slippery or smooth through the application of a lubricant
strengthen / beef up / fortify - make strong or stronger
spike / lace / fortify - add alcohol beverages
weaken - lessen the strength of
blunt - make less sharp
oxidize / oxidise / oxidate - add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
unite / unify / merge - join or combine
age - make older
ripen / mature - cause to ripen or develop fully
antique / antiquate - give an antique appearance to
antiquate - make obsolete or old-fashioned
develop / make grow - cause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development
soften - make soft or softer
damage - inflict damage upon
ossify - cause to become hard and bony
acerbate - make sour or bitter
stabilize / stabilise - make stable and keep from fluctuating or put into an equilibrium
destabilize / destabilise - make unstable
sensitize / sensitise / sensify / sensibilize / sensibilise - make sensitive or aware
desensitize / desensitise - make insensitive
habituate / accustom - make psychologically or physically used (to something)
disorder / disarray - bring disorder to
discolor - cause to lose or change color
color / colorize / colorise / colourise / colourize / colour / color in / colour in - add color to
stain - produce or leave stains
hue - take on color or become colored
uglify - make ugly
untune - cause to be out of tune
adjust / set / correct - alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
set - put into a certain state
disqualify / unfit / indispose - make unfit or unsuitable
domesticate / domesticize / domesticise / reclaim / tame - overcome the wildness of
widen - make wider
dehydrogenate - remove hydrogen from
hydrogenate - combine or treat with or expose to hydrogen, especially to add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound)
oxygenize / oxygenise - change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part
darken - make dark or darker
brighten / lighten up / lighten - make lighter or brighter
blur / blear - make dim or indistinct
obscure / bedim / overcloud - make obscure or unclear
obscure / blot out / obliterate / veil / hide - make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing
cook - transform by heating
slenderize / slenderise - make slender or appear to be slender
crack - cause to become cracked
dissolve / dismiss - declare void
end / terminate - bring to an end or halt
demist - free from mist
condense / concentrate / contract - compress or concentrate
cool / chill / cool down - make cool or cooler
heat / heat up - make hot or hotter
warm - make warm or warmer
boil - bring to, or maintain at, the boiling point
freeze - cause to freeze
blister - cause blisters to from on
switch / change over / shift - make a shift in or exchange of
transpose - change key
convert / change over - change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy
transform - increase or decrease (an alternating current or voltage)
transform - change (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species
transform - convert (one form of energy) to another
transmute - alter the nature of (elements)
transform / transmute / transubstantiate - change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
ash - convert into ashes
translate / transform - change from one form or medium into another
reform / reclaim / regenerate / rectify - bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one
convert - cause to adopt a new or different faith
Islamize / Islamise - cause to conform to Islamic law
invert / reverse - turn inside out or upside down
invert - make an inversion (in a musical composition)
customize / customise - make according to requirements
personalize / personalise / individualize / individualise - make personal or more personal
depersonalize / depersonalise / objectify - make impersonal or present as an object
sharpen - raise the pitch of (musical notes)
flatten / drop - lower the pitch of (musical notes)
disintegrate - cause to undergo fission or lose particles
magnetize / magnetise - make magnetic
demagnetize / demagnetise / degauss - make nonmagnetic
simplify - make simpler or easier or reduce in complxity or extent
complicate / refine / rarify / elaborate - make more complex, intricate, or richer
refine - make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of
complicate / perplex - make more complicated
supercharge / pressurize / pressurise - increase the pressure on a gas or liquid
centralize / centralise / concentrate - make central
decentralize / deconcentrate / decentralise - make less central
socialize / socialise - make conform to socialist ideas and philosophies
fix / prepare / set up / ready / gear up / set - make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc
internationalize / internationalise - make international in character
communize / communise / bolshevize / bolshevise - make Communist or bring in accord with Communist principles
Europeanize / Europeanise - make (continental) European in customs, character, or ideas
Europeanize / Europeanise - denationalize and subject (a territory) to the supervision of an agency of a European community of nations
bestialize / bestialise - make brutal and depraved
Americanize / Americanise - make American in character
anglicize / anglicise - make English in appearance
Frenchify - make French in appearance or character
civilize / civilise - raise from a barbaric to a civilized state
nationalize / nationalise - put under state control or ownership
denationalize / denationalise - put under private control or ownership
naturalize / naturalise - make into a citizen
denaturalize / denaturalise - strip of the rights and duties of citizenship
naturalize / naturalise - make more natural or lifelike
denaturalize / denaturalise - make less natural or unnatural
even / even out - become even or more even
equal / match / equalize / equalise / equate - make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching
stiffen - make stiff or stiffer
loosen / loose - make loose or looser
tighten / fasten - make tight or tighter
transitivize / transitivise - make transitive
detransitivize / detransitivise / intransitivize / intransitivise - intransitivize
thicken / inspissate - make thick or thicker
full - make (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering
diversify - make (more) diverse
deaden - make vapid or deprive of spirit
check / retard / delay - slow the growth or development of
decrease / lessen / minify - make smaller
liquefy / liquify / liquidize / liquidise - make (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
solvate - cause a solvation in (a substance)
dissolve - cause to fade away
validate - make valid or confirm the validity of
invalidate / void / vitiate - take away the legal force of or render ineffective
empty - make void or empty of contents
fill / fill up / make full - make full, also in a metaphorical sense
saturate - cause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material, etc.) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
clot / coagulate - cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state
louden - cause to become loud
normalize / normalise / renormalize / renormalise - make normal or cause to conform to a norm or standard
morph - cause to change shape in a computer animation
neutralize / neutralise - make chemically neutral
commercialize / commercialise / market - make commercial
purify / purge / sanctify - make pure or free from sin or guilt
mechanize / mechanise - make mechanical
automatize / automatise / automate - make automatic or control or operate automatically
automatize / automatise - turn into an automaton
mechanize / mechanise - make monotonous
harmonize / harmonise / chord - bring into consonance, harmony, or accord while making music or singing
polarize / polarise - cause to vibrate in a definite pattern
glorify - bestow glory upon
contaminate - make radioactive by adding radioactive material
devalue - lower the value or quality of
insulate - protect from heat, cold, noise, etc. by surrounding with insulating material
calcify - convert into lime
urbanize / urbanise - make more industrial or city-like
urbanize / urbanise - impart urban habits, ways of life, or responsibilities upon
emulsify - cause to become an emulsion
demulsify - cause to demulsify
decarboxylate - remove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
Nazify - cause or force to adopt Nazism or a Nazi character
fertilize / fecundate / fertilise - make fertile or productive
clarify - make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
mark - make or leave a mark on
barb - provide with barbs
nick - divide or reset the tail muscles of
disable / disenable / incapacitate - make unable to perform a certain action
enable - render capable or able for some task
de-emphasize / de-emphasise / destress - reduce the emphasis
tender / tenderize / tenderise - make tender or more tender as by marinating, pounding, or applying a tenderizer
charge - cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
sweeten - make sweeter, more pleasant, or more agreeable
iodinate - cause to combine with iodine
ionate - add ions to
archaize / archaise - give an archaic appearance of character to
inform - give character or essence to
officialize / officialise - make official
occidentalize / occidentalise / westernize / westernise - make western in character
orientalize / orientalise - make oriental in character
acetylate / acetylize / acetylise - introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
achromatize / achromatise - remove color from
parallel / collimate - make or place parallel to something
camp - give an artificially banal or sexual quality to
classicize / classicise - make classic or classical
conventionalize / conventionalise - make conventional or adapt to conventions
decimalize / decimalise - change from fractions to decimals
dizzy - make dizzy or giddy
poison / envenom - add poison to
exteriorize / exteriorise / externalize / externalise / objectify - make external or objective, or give reality to
glamorize / glamourise / glamourize / glamorise - make glamorous and attractive
introvert - turn inside
laicize / laicise - reduce to lay status
politicize / politicise - give a political character to
proof - activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
romanticize / romanticise - make romantic in style
rusticate - lend a rustic character to
sauce - add zest or flavor to, make more interesting
shallow / shoal - make shallow
tense - increase the tension on
steepen - make steeper
scramble - make unintelligible
unscramble - make intelligible
unsex - remove the qualities typical of one''s sex
vitrify - change into glass or a glass-like substance by applying heat
pall - cause to become flat
saponify - convert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali
extend / expand - expand the influence of
suspend / set aside - make inoperative or stop
muddy - make turbid
transform - subject to a mathematical transformation
lift / raise / elevate - raise in rank or condition
harshen - make harsh or harsher
dinge - make dingy
demonize / demonise - make into a demon
devilize / devilise / diabolize / diabolise - turn into a devil or make devilish
etherealize / etherialise - make ethereal
immaterialize / immaterialise / unsubstantialize / unsubstantialise - render immaterial or incorporeal
animize / animise / animate - give life-like qualities to
clear - make clear, bright, light, or translucent
dynamize / dynamise - make (a drug) effective
dynamize / dynamise - make more dynamic
rarefy / sublimate / subtilize - make more subtle or refined
volatilize / volatilise - make volatile
uniformize / uniformise - make uniform
symmetrize / symmetrise - make symmetric
immortalize / immortalise / eternize / eternise / eternalize / eternalise - make famous for ever
denature - make (alcohol) unfit for drinking without impairing usefulness for other purposes
denature - modify (as a native protein) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished
denature - add nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb
sanitize / sanitise - make less offensive or more acceptable by removing objectionable features
verbify - make into a verb
shift - move from one setting or context to another
sputter - cause to undergo a process in which atoms are removed
draw - bring or lead someone to a certain action or condition
make - change from one form into another
dope - add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties
prostrate - render helpless or defenseless
excite - produce a magnetic field in
excite / energize / energise - raise to a higher energy level
shake - bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking
outmode - make unfashionable, outdated, or obsolete
spice / spice up - make more interesting or flavorful
shorten - make short or shorter
think - bring into a given condition by mental preoccupation
make - cause to be enjoyable or pleasurable
deflate - produce deflation in
inflate - cause prices to rise by increasing the available currency or credit
reflate - economics: raise demand, expand the money supply, or raise prices, after a period of deflation
digitize / digitise / digitalize / digitalise - put into digital form, as for use in a computer
gelatinize / gelatinise - convert into gelatinous form or jelly
recombine - cause genetic recombination
feminize / feminise / effeminize / erreminise / womanize - to give a (more) feminine, effeminate, or womanly quality or appearance to
masculinize / masculinise / virilize / virilise - produce virilism in or cause to assume masculine characteristics, as through a hormonal imbalance or hormone therapy
masculinize - give a masculine appearance or character to
dissonate - make harsh and unpleasant-sounding
sexualize / sexualise - make sexual, endow with sex, attribute sex to
schematize / schematise - give conventional form to
patent - make open to sight or notice
constitutionalize / constitutionalise - incorporate into a constitution, make constitutional
rationalize / rationalise - remove irrational quantities from
plasticize / plasticise - make plastic, as by the addition of a plasticizer
rarefy - lessen the density or solidity of
paganize / paganise - make pagan in character
incandesce - cause to become incandescent or glow
deaminate / deaminize - remove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound
angulate - make or become angular
circularize - make circular
sensitize / sensitise - make (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating it with a photographic emulsion
sensitize / sensitise - make sensitive to a drug or allergen
depolarize / depolarise - eliminate the polarization of
intensify - make the chemically affected part of (a negative) denser or more opaque in order produce a stronger contrast between light and dark
isomerize / isomerise - cause to change into an isomer
legitimate - make (an illegitimate child) legitimate
evaporate / vaporise - cause to change into a vapor
industrialize / industrialise - organize the production of into an industry
opacify - make opaque
opsonize - make (cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
militarize / militarise - adopt for military use
nationalize / nationalise - make national in character or scope
recommend - make attractive or acceptable
sentimentalize / sentimentalise - make (someone or something) sentimental or imbue with sentimental qualities
solemnize / solemnise - make solemn and grave
territorialize / territorialise - place on a territorial basis
transaminate - change (an amino group) by transferring it from one compound to another
transfigure / glorify / spiritualize - elevate or idealize, in allusion to Christ''s transfiguration
unsanctify - remove the sanctification from or make unsanctified
vesiculate - cause to become vesicular or full of air cells
visualize / visualise - make visible
variegate - change the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors
ventilate - furnish with an opening to allow air to circulate or gas to escape
vivify - make more striking or animated
vulgarise / vulgarize - debase and make vulgar
supple - make pliant and flexible
professionalize / professionalise - make professional or give a professional character to
smut - make obscene
still - make motionless
weaponize - make into or use as a weapon or a potential weapon
confuse / blur / obscure / obnubilate - make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
confuse - make unclear or incomprehensible
tone down / moderate / tame - make less strong or intense
obfuscate - make obscure or unclear
synchronize / synchronise - make (motion picture sound) exactly simultaneous with the action
mince / soften / moderate - make less severe or harsh
militarize / militarise - lend a military character to (a country), as by building up a military force
break down / crush - make ineffective
fatten / fat / flesh out / fill out / plump / plump out / fatten out / fatten up - make fat or plump
touch / disturb - tamper with
dull - make dull in appearance
dull / blunt - make dull or blunt
sharpen - make sharp or sharper
coarsen - make or become coarse or coarser
loosen - make less dense
untie / undo / loosen - cause to become loose
barb - provide with barbs
string - provide with strings
straighten / straighten out - make straight
bring - cause to come into a particular state or condition
mix / mingle / commix / unify / amalgamate - to bring or combine together or with something else
charge - fill or load to capacity
put - cause to be in a certain state
clean / make clean - make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from
dirty / soil / begrime / grime / colly / bemire - make soiled, filthy, or dirty
lower / depress - cause to drop or sink
deform - make formless
form - give shape to
break / break up - destroy the completeness of a set of related items
alter - make an alteration to
decorate / adorn / grace / ornament / embellish / beautify - make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
humanize / humanise - make more humane
humble - cause to be unpretentious
estrange / alienate / alien / disaffect - arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
right - put in or restore to an upright position
desensitize / desensitise - cause not to be sensitive
deodorize / deodorise / deodourise - eliminate the odor from
develop - make visible by means of chemical solutions
blur - to make less distinct or clear
blind - make blind by putting the eyes out
change intensity - increase or decrease in intensity
change taste - alter the flavor of
capture - bring about the capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit
lend / impart / bestow / contribute / add / bring - bestow a quality on
restore / reinstate / reestablish - bring back into original existence, use, function, or position
liberalize / liberalise - make liberal or more liberal, of laws and rules
right / compensate / redress / correct - make reparations or amends for
democratize / democratise - introduce democratic reforms
neutralize - make politically neutral and thus inoffensive
corrupt / pervert / subvert / demoralize / demoralise / debauch / debase / profane / vitiate / deprave / misdirect - corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality
relax / loosen - make less severe or strict
flocculate - cause to become a fluffy or lumpy aggregate
turn - cause to change or turn into something different
make possible - make accessible
cohere - cause to form a united, orderly, and aethestically consistent whole

4. alter  (verb) 
insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby

  Also known as: interpolate, falsify

  More Generic:
    edit     redact

5. alter  (verb) 
make an alteration to; "This dress needs to be altered"

    sew     tailor     tailor-make

  More Generic:
    change     alter     modify


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