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1. Bishop of Rome  (noun) 
the head of the Roman Catholic Church

  More Specific:
Alexander VI / Pope Alexander VI / Borgia / Rodrigo Borgia - Pope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503)
Calixtus III / Borgia / Alfonso Borgia - Italian pope whose nepotism put the Borgia family in power in Italy (1378-1458)
Gregory / Gregory I / Saint Gregory I / St. Gregory I / Gregory the Great - (Roman Catholic Church) a pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership
Gregory / Gregory VII / Hildebrand - the pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Church and the supremacy of the Church over the state (1020-1085)
Gregory / Gregory XIII / Ugo Buoncompagni - the pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585)
Innocent III / Lotario di Segni - Pope who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161-1216)
John Paul I / Albino Luciano - the first Pope to assume a double name
John Paul II / Karol Wojtyla - the first Pope born in Poland (born in 1920)
Leo I / St. Leo I / Leo the Great - the pope who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461)
Leo III - the pope who in 800 crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans (750-816)
Leo X / Giovanni de Medici - the pope who excommunicated Martin Luther and who in 1521 bestowed on Henry VIII the title of Defender of the Faith (1475-1521)
Pius II / Aeneas Silvius / Enea Silvio Piccolomini - pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464)
Pius V / Antonio Ghislieri - pope who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church
Pius VII / Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti - pope who concluded a concordat with Napoleon and crowned him emperor of France (1740-1823)
Pius X / Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto - pope who condemned religious modernism (1835-1914)
Pius XI / Achille Ratti / Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti - pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)
Pius XII / Eugenio Pacelli - pope who maintained neutrality during World War II and was later criticized for not aiding the Jews who were persecuted by Hitler (1876-1958)
Urban II / Odo of Lagery - pope who called for the First Crusade (1042-1099)
Urban VI / Bartolomeo Prignano - pope who alienated the French cardinals (1318-1389)

  Member Meronym:
    papacy     pontificate

  More Generic:
    spiritual leader     Catholic


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